Since the Lion Air crash last year, and the Ethiopian Airlines crash on 10 March this year, the importance of the Safety by Design has been highlighted yet again.
The Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) installed on the Boeing 737 8(MAX) is blamed for both crashes. The MCAS is an automated safety feature on the 737 Max 8 designed to prevent the plane from entering into a stall. With the new larger engines, mounted further forward from the wing and slightly higher (to provide ground clearance), the thrust vector at a high power setting tends to raise the aircraft's nose.
Read the reports here:
Aircraft Accident Investigation Preliminary Report Ethiopian Airlines Group B737-8 (MAX) Registered ET-AVJ
Aircraft Accident Investigation Report PT. Lion Mentari Airlines Boeing 737-8 (MAX); PK-LQP